Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Funds provided under allotments must be obligated by states by the end of the fiscal year following the fiscal year for which appropriations were received. Such obligation must be liquidated by the end of the following fiscal year. Payments are made through Electronic Transfer System or, when such is not practicable, on basis of payment requests from the State to meet current needs.
Formula and Matching Requirements
Allocation Criteria and/or Mathematical Calculations: Two-thirds (2/3) of the amount appropriated is allotted to each State according to the ratio the population of each State bears to the population of the United States, weighted by the relative per capita income for each State. One-third (1/3) of the amount appropriated is allotted to each State according to the ratio of beneficiaries in the State receiving benefits under Childhood Disabilities Beneficiary Program, related to the age 18 to 65 population of the State as bearing on the national total of such population, weighted by the total population of the State. The data used to compute allotments are supplied annually by the Social Security Administration and the U.S. Department of Commerce, for the three most recent consecutive years for which satisfactory data are available. The Federal share of projects supported under the State Plan may not exceed 75 percent, except for projects whose activities or products target individuals with developmental disabilities who live in urban or rural poverty areas, which may not exceed 90 percent of the aggregate necessary costs of such project of activities, and in the case of projects or activities undertaken by the Council or Council staff to implement State plan priority, activities may be up to 100 percent of the aggregate necessary cost of such activities. No match is required for Protection and Advocacy allotments.
A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.
Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.
In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.
Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.